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Gender quotas dissertation

Show full item record Abstract This dissertation examines how electoral gender quotas affect citizens' attitudes and behavior towards women in political office. A policy experiment gender quotas dissertation the random assignment of local-level single-member electoral districts reserved for female community councilors in the southern African nation of Lesotho provides causal evidence to this line of inquiry.

Using a unique dataset by merging Afro-barometer surveys with archival data, I first exploit the random assignment of Lesotho's quota policy to examine how the policy changes female citizens' engagement with local politics.

Counterintuitively, I gender quotas dissertation that female citizens are less politically engaged under quota-mandated female representation, but present evidence that this result likely stems from the perceived illegitimacy of the quota policy.

This dissertation then examines how the quota affects citizens' perceptions of local chiefs.

Women in Politics: How effective are gender quotas?


I find that exposure to quota-mandated female representatives significantly reduces the perceived influence of the predominately male chieftaincy in gender quotas dissertation local governance.

Finally, I present results from survey data as well as field experimental tests conducted in Lesotho to reveal how the quota has affected citizens' explicit and implicit gender biases, both in the political sphere and more broadly.

Here, I find that exposure to quota-mandated representatives weakens young women's preferences for gender quotas dissertation politicians by challenging existing stereotypes around appropriate gender roles.

By examining how quotas mediate the symbolic effects of greater numbers of women in politics, this dissertation develops new theoretical insights into the ways in which quotas fit into classic theories of political representation.

Recent dissertations have explored how cultural ideologies about gender, race, and class influence social norms for appropriate and acceptable bodies; the history of perfume and how the sense of smell contributed to people’s understandings of self and culture; the role of gender, race, and class anomalies in the production of Black medical doctors in South Africa during apartheid: gender roles in intimate. relationships; and Midwestern black and white racial and ethnic identities.

This task is particularly relevant given the rapid pace with which countries continue to adopt electoral gender quotas at both the national and subnational levels.

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